Friday (Jumuʿah in Arabic) is the holy day for Muslims. Jumuʿah comes from the same root word as gather and congregation. On Fridays, Muslims attend a special prayer in the afternoon called the Jumuʿah prayer. The Friday prayer is commanded by God in the Qur’ān:
“O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (The Day of Assembly), hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business (and traffic): That is best for you if ye but knew!” (Qur’ān 62:9)
Although Friday is part of the weekend in most Muslim majority countries, it is not considered a sabbath in which Muslims cannot work or go to school. The next verse highlights this fact:
And when the prayer is ended, then disperse in the land and seek of Allah’s bounty, and remember Allah much, so that you may be successful (Qur’ān 62:10).
Friday is considered to be the holiest day of the week. There are narrations in which the Prophet peace be upon him said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On Friday Adam was
created, on it he was admitted to Paradise and on it he was expelled therefrom.” (Muslim). In another instance, the Prophet peace be upon him noted that the day of judgment will occur on Friday.
The Prophet peace be upon him also said: “The five daily prayers and from one Jumu’ah to the next is an expiation for whatever sins come in between them, so long as one does not commit a
major sin.” (Muslim). Muslims are encouraged to take a shower on Friday mornings and wear their best clothes.